So, we have already discussed the prerequisites for the creation of electronic currencies, as well as the appearance of the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto. Today we will continue with this story.submitted by LadyMariann to NeuronChain [link] [comments]
According to Satoshi himself, the idea of creating Bitcoin came to him in 2007. The announcement of the algorithm took place on October 31, 2008, when Satoshi published a «white paper» of bitcoin through the use of electronic mailing lists and sent it to all the addresses contained in the cypherpunk address book. When explaining the letter, he indicated that he had developed a peer-to-peer electronic money system, through which transactions could be performed directly but anonymously between the participants
Satoshi called Bitcoin «e-cash» or «electronic cash». Later, in 2011, Forbes magazine published an article entitled «Crypto currency» dedicated to Bitcoin, after which the term «cryptocurrency» became common place for such systems.
After the Electronic mailing, Satoshi and the cryptographers who joined him began work on the creation of a «client». In January 2009, Bitcoin 0.1 version was launched. Satoshi’s computer became the first «node», Hal Finney was the second to connect to the Blockchain network. In January the same year, the first block of coins was generated and the first transaction made. Satoshi had sent 10 bitcoins to Hal.
In September 2009, the first exchange of bitcoin for real money was made — user Martti Malmi received $ 5.02 for 5050 bitcoins from user ‘NewLibertyStandard’ via PayPal. In fact, this transaction was both a purchase and a sale. In October, the bitcoin exchange rate was determined by multiplying the average computing power used to obtain one coin multiplied by the cost of electricity in the United States, and thus, 1309 bitcoins could be bought for $ 1.
In November 2009, a forum was created on the website bitcoin.org where bitcoin enthusiasts could communicate with one another. With the growth in the number of nodes, the complexity of mining had increased, which in turn necessitated the search for newer ways to mine coins. Instead of mining using a CPU, Users began using the GPUs on video cards to improve the efficiency of their devices. During the same period, the user ArtForz created the first mining farm, which was a combination of several video cards constantly engaged in the mining process.
On July 17, 2010, the first digital currency exchange’ MtGox’ was created. Only 10 years later with the help of NeuronChain, the first digital currency exchange NeuronEx was created which allows users to make digital transactions of not only cryptocurrency, but fiat money!
Now all of the most popular digital currencies are available to transactions on NeuronEx — BTC, BCH, ETH, ETC, LTC, DASH, XRP, Dogecoin, EMC, EOS, BCH, BSV, EURT, USDT, CNHT, XAUT, as well as its own Neuron Coin — NRON.
#Finance #NeuronChain #blockchain #NeuronEx #NeuronWallet #CryptoNeuroNews #crypto
https://preview.redd.it/giu1ssilga151.jpg?width=900&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=41510785ccdc0d99544ec74229f62427d1c0ce3esubmitted by 58CoinExchange to u/58CoinExchange [link] [comments]
Museum has played the role of a time recorder. Talking about bitcoin, more than ten years has passed since the creation of it. Although it is uncomparable to the stock market with a hundred years of history, during the ten years, in the different stages of the development of bitcoin and blockchain have continuously poured in geeks, miners, speculators, newbies, leaving keywords such as sudden rich, myth, scam, belief, revolution, etc.
There are also many “old objects” with stories in the “Museum” of the cryptocurrency realm. On Museum Day, let ’s review the stories brought by these “old objects”.
The First Digital Currency White Paper — Bitcoin White Paper
On Oct. 31, 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto released the Bitcoin white paper — A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System in the cryptographic mail group where he belongs, and Bitcoin was born since then.
A white paper is a document that explains the purpose and technology used in cryptocurrency. Usually a cryptocurrency uses the white paper to help people understand what it provides, and it is also an important information channel for investors to understand a project. Therefore, the level of the white paper affects people’s confidence towards the coin.
In a word, in the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry, the value of a white paper is equivalent to that of a standard financing speech. The white paper plays a vital role in this emerging market.
The First Public Bitcoin-Physical Transaction — Pizza
Since Satoshi Nakamoto mined the Bitcoin genesis block on January 3, 2009, Bitcoin has only been spread among the small crowd and has not realized its value.
Not until May 22, 2010, Bitcoin enthusiast “Laszlo Hanyecz” bought a pizza coupon worth $25 with 10,000 bitcoins. This is the first public bitcoin-physical transaction. Bitcoin has its price with 0.3 cents per bitcoin.
This day has also become the famous “Bitcoin Pizza Day” in Bitcoin history. Bitcoin as the imagination of the financial system has more practical significance. The tenth anniversary is coming. How will you commemorate it? Will you buy a pizza?
The First Digital Asset Exchange — Bitcoinmarket.com
After the birth of Bitcoin, in addition to mining, the only way to get Bitcoin in the early days was to conduct transactions on forums or IRC (commonly known as Internet Relay Chat). However, this method involves both long transaction time and great security risk.
In March 2010, the first digital asset exchange — Bitcoinmarket.com launched. However, due to lack of liquidity and transaction depth, it disappeared soon after its establishment, but Bitcoinmarket.com opened the era of the operation of the cryptocurrency realm exchange 1.0.
On June 9, 2011, China’s first Bitcoin exchange — Bitcoin China (BTCChina) launched. Its founder, Yang Linke, translated Bitcoin into Chinese “比特币” for the first time. In 2013, China’s bitcoin trading entered the golden age, and exchanges sprung up. China monopolized more than 90% of the world’s bitcoin transactions. Now, if the top three exchanges Binance, Huobi Global, OKEx are the Exchange 2.0, then the index exchange represented by 58COIN called the 3.0 version, leading the trend.
The First Generation of High-Performance Miner — ASIC Miner
When Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin, the only way to get it is to use computers (including home computers) to mine, mainly relying on the CPU to calculate. However, as the value of digital currencies such as Bitcoin has become higher and higher, mining has become an industry with the competition is getting fiercer, accompanied by increasing difficulty of mining. Therefore, hardware performance competition starts.
In July 2012, the genius Jiang Xinyu (Internet nickname is “Friedcat”) from the junior class of the University of Science and Technology declared at the forum that he could make ASIC miners (chips). As far as mining computing power is concerned, ASICs can be tens of thousands or more higher than the same-generation CPUs and GPUs.
At the beginning of 2013, Zhang Nanqian (Pumpkin Zhang), a suspended doctoral student from the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, developed the ASIC miner and named it “Avalon”.
In June 2013, the Friedcat’s miner USB was finally released, and it maintained 20% of the computing power of the entire network.
At the end of 2013, Wu Jihan, used the tens of millions yuan earned from Friedcat through investment, worked together with Jenke group, to develop the Antminer S1. Since then, the miner manufacturer Bitmain began to enter the stage of history.
It is no exaggeration to say that Friedcat and Zhang Nangeng have opened the domestic “mining” era.
The Birthplace of China’s Bitcoin — Garage Coffee
It is not only the “old objects” that record history, but also a place that everyone in the cryptocurrency realm aspires to.
Guo Hongcai once said, “Without no The Garage Café, there will be no cryptocurrency realm today. Since it is a very mysterious place that all waves of people from the café joint together to create today’s digital asset industry.
▲ In March 2013, American student Jake Smith successfully purchased a cup of coffee at The Garage Café with 0.131 bitcoins. This move attracted the attention of CCTV, and it conducted an interview.
Indeed, The Garage Café is the world ’s first entrepreneurial-themed coffee shop. It has been legendary since its establishment in 2011. The Garage Cafét is not only the core coordinate on China’s Bitcoin map, but also the birthplace of the Chinese cryptocurrency circle, where digital asset realm tycoons including Guo Hongcai, Zhao Dong, Li Xiaolai, Li Lin have made their ways.
The development of digital currency is only 11 years old. Through these “old objects”, we review the various stories of this wave of technology together, hoping to help you understand the development process of the digital currency field. Meanwhile, I also remind all practitioners to use history as a mirror and forge ahead.
submitted by D-platform to u/D-platform [link] [comments]
1. What is Bitcoin (BTC)?
2. Bitcoin’s core featuresFor a more beginner’s introduction to Bitcoin, please visit Binance Academy’s guide to Bitcoin.
Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO) modelA UTXO transaction works like cash payment between two parties: Alice gives money to Bob and receives change (i.e., unspent amount). In comparison, blockchains like Ethereum rely on the account model.
Nakamoto consensusIn the Bitcoin network, anyone can join the network and become a bookkeeping service provider i.e., a validator. All validators are allowed in the race to become the block producer for the next block, yet only the first to complete a computationally heavy task will win. This feature is called Proof of Work (PoW).
The probability of any single validator to finish the task first is equal to the percentage of the total network computation power, or hash power, the validator has. For instance, a validator with 5% of the total network computation power will have a 5% chance of completing the task first, and therefore becoming the next block producer.
Since anyone can join the race, competition is prone to increase. In the early days, Bitcoin mining was mostly done by personal computer CPUs.
As of today, Bitcoin validators, or miners, have opted for dedicated and more powerful devices such as machines based on Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (“ASIC”).
Proof of Work secures the network as block producers must have spent resources external to the network (i.e., money to pay electricity), and can provide proof to other participants that they did so.
With various miners competing for block rewards, it becomes difficult for one single malicious party to gain network majority (defined as more than 51% of the network’s hash power in the Nakamoto consensus mechanism). The ability to rearrange transactions via 51% attacks indicates another feature of the Nakamoto consensus: the finality of transactions is only probabilistic.
Once a block is produced, it is then propagated by the block producer to all other validators to check on the validity of all transactions in that block. The block producer will receive rewards in the network’s native currency (i.e., bitcoin) as all validators approve the block and update their ledgers.
Block productionThe Bitcoin protocol utilizes the Merkle tree data structure in order to organize hashes of numerous individual transactions into each block. This concept is named after Ralph Merkle, who patented it in 1979.
With the use of a Merkle tree, though each block might contain thousands of transactions, it will have the ability to combine all of their hashes and condense them into one, allowing efficient and secure verification of this group of transactions. This single hash called is a Merkle root, which is stored in the Block Header of a block. The Block Header also stores other meta information of a block, such as a hash of the previous Block Header, which enables blocks to be associated in a chain-like structure (hence the name “blockchain”).
An illustration of block production in the Bitcoin Protocol is demonstrated below.
Block time and mining difficultyBlock time is the period required to create the next block in a network. As mentioned above, the node who solves the computationally intensive task will be allowed to produce the next block. Therefore, block time is directly correlated to the amount of time it takes for a node to find a solution to the task. The Bitcoin protocol sets a target block time of 10 minutes, and attempts to achieve this by introducing a variable named mining difficulty.
Mining difficulty refers to how difficult it is for the node to solve the computationally intensive task. If the network sets a high difficulty for the task, while miners have low computational power, which is often referred to as “hashrate”, it would statistically take longer for the nodes to get an answer for the task. If the difficulty is low, but miners have rather strong computational power, statistically, some nodes will be able to solve the task quickly.
Therefore, the 10 minute target block time is achieved by constantly and automatically adjusting the mining difficulty according to how much computational power there is amongst the nodes. The average block time of the network is evaluated after a certain number of blocks, and if it is greater than the expected block time, the difficulty level will decrease; if it is less than the expected block time, the difficulty level will increase.
What are orphan blocks?In a PoW blockchain network, if the block time is too low, it would increase the likelihood of nodes producingorphan blocks, for which they would receive no reward. Orphan blocks are produced by nodes who solved the task but did not broadcast their results to the whole network the quickest due to network latency.
It takes time for a message to travel through a network, and it is entirely possible for 2 nodes to complete the task and start to broadcast their results to the network at roughly the same time, while one’s messages are received by all other nodes earlier as the node has low latency.
Imagine there is a network latency of 1 minute and a target block time of 2 minutes. A node could solve the task in around 1 minute but his message would take 1 minute to reach the rest of the nodes that are still working on the solution. While his message travels through the network, all the work done by all other nodes during that 1 minute, even if these nodes also complete the task, would go to waste. In this case, 50% of the computational power contributed to the network is wasted.
The percentage of wasted computational power would proportionally decrease if the mining difficulty were higher, as it would statistically take longer for miners to complete the task. In other words, if the mining difficulty, and therefore targeted block time is low, miners with powerful and often centralized mining facilities would get a higher chance of becoming the block producer, while the participation of weaker miners would become in vain. This introduces possible centralization and weakens the overall security of the network.
However, given a limited amount of transactions that can be stored in a block, making the block time too longwould decrease the number of transactions the network can process per second, negatively affecting network scalability.
3. Bitcoin’s additional features
Segregated Witness (SegWit)Segregated Witness, often abbreviated as SegWit, is a protocol upgrade proposal that went live in August 2017.
SegWit separates witness signatures from transaction-related data. Witness signatures in legacy Bitcoin blocks often take more than 50% of the block size. By removing witness signatures from the transaction block, this protocol upgrade effectively increases the number of transactions that can be stored in a single block, enabling the network to handle more transactions per second. As a result, SegWit increases the scalability of Nakamoto consensus-based blockchain networks like Bitcoin and Litecoin.
SegWit also makes transactions cheaper. Since transaction fees are derived from how much data is being processed by the block producer, the more transactions that can be stored in a 1MB block, the cheaper individual transactions become.
The legacy Bitcoin block has a block size limit of 1 megabyte, and any change on the block size would require a network hard-fork. On August 1st 2017, the first hard-fork occurred, leading to the creation of Bitcoin Cash (“BCH”), which introduced an 8 megabyte block size limit.
Conversely, Segregated Witness was a soft-fork: it never changed the transaction block size limit of the network. Instead, it added an extended block with an upper limit of 3 megabytes, which contains solely witness signatures, to the 1 megabyte block that contains only transaction data. This new block type can be processed even by nodes that have not completed the SegWit protocol upgrade.
Furthermore, the separation of witness signatures from transaction data solves the malleability issue with the original Bitcoin protocol. Without Segregated Witness, these signatures could be altered before the block is validated by miners. Indeed, alterations can be done in such a way that if the system does a mathematical check, the signature would still be valid. However, since the values in the signature are changed, the two signatures would create vastly different hash values.
For instance, if a witness signature states “6,” it has a mathematical value of 6, and would create a hash value of 12345. However, if the witness signature were changed to “06”, it would maintain a mathematical value of 6 while creating a (faulty) hash value of 67890.
Since the mathematical values are the same, the altered signature remains a valid signature. This would create a bookkeeping issue, as transactions in Nakamoto consensus-based blockchain networks are documented with these hash values, or transaction IDs. Effectively, one can alter a transaction ID to a new one, and the new ID can still be valid.
This can create many issues, as illustrated in the below example:
Since the transaction malleability issue is fixed, Segregated Witness also enables the proper functioning of second-layer scalability solutions on the Bitcoin protocol, such as the Lightning Network.
Lightning NetworkLightning Network is a second-layer micropayment solution for scalability.
Specifically, Lightning Network aims to enable near-instant and low-cost payments between merchants and customers that wish to use bitcoins.
Lightning Network was conceptualized in a whitepaper by Joseph Poon and Thaddeus Dryja in 2015. Since then, it has been implemented by multiple companies. The most prominent of them include Blockstream, Lightning Labs, and ACINQ.
A list of curated resources relevant to Lightning Network can be found here.
In the Lightning Network, if a customer wishes to transact with a merchant, both of them need to open a payment channel, which operates off the Bitcoin blockchain (i.e., off-chain vs. on-chain). None of the transaction details from this payment channel are recorded on the blockchain, and only when the channel is closed will the end result of both party’s wallet balances be updated to the blockchain. The blockchain only serves as a settlement layer for Lightning transactions.
Since all transactions done via the payment channel are conducted independently of the Nakamoto consensus, both parties involved in transactions do not need to wait for network confirmation on transactions. Instead, transacting parties would pay transaction fees to Bitcoin miners only when they decide to close the channel.
One limitation to the Lightning Network is that it requires a person to be online to receive transactions attributing towards him. Another limitation in user experience could be that one needs to lock up some funds every time he wishes to open a payment channel, and is only able to use that fund within the channel.
However, this does not mean he needs to create new channels every time he wishes to transact with a different person on the Lightning Network. If Alice wants to send money to Carol, but they do not have a payment channel open, they can ask Bob, who has payment channels open to both Alice and Carol, to help make that transaction. Alice will be able to send funds to Bob, and Bob to Carol. Hence, the number of “payment hubs” (i.e., Bob in the previous example) correlates with both the convenience and the usability of the Lightning Network for real-world applications.
Schnorr Signature upgrade proposalElliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (“ECDSA”) signatures are used to sign transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain.
However, many developers now advocate for replacing ECDSA with Schnorr Signature. Once Schnorr Signatures are implemented, multiple parties can collaborate in producing a signature that is valid for the sum of their public keys.
This would primarily be beneficial for network scalability. When multiple addresses were to conduct transactions to a single address, each transaction would require their own signature. With Schnorr Signature, all these signatures would be combined into one. As a result, the network would be able to store more transactions in a single block.
The reduced size in signatures implies a reduced cost on transaction fees. The group of senders can split the transaction fees for that one group signature, instead of paying for one personal signature individually.
Schnorr Signature also improves network privacy and token fungibility. A third-party observer will not be able to detect if a user is sending a multi-signature transaction, since the signature will be in the same format as a single-signature transaction.
4. Economics and supply distributionThe Bitcoin protocol utilizes the Nakamoto consensus, and nodes validate blocks via Proof-of-Work mining. The bitcoin token was not pre-mined, and has a maximum supply of 21 million. The initial reward for a block was 50 BTC per block. Block mining rewards halve every 210,000 blocks. Since the average time for block production on the blockchain is 10 minutes, it implies that the block reward halving events will approximately take place every 4 years.
As of May 12th 2020, the block mining rewards are 6.25 BTC per block. Transaction fees also represent a minor revenue stream for miners.
Blockchain technology is the core technology that has the most potential to trigger the fifth round of disruptive revolution after steam engine, power, information and Internet technology. . The concept of digital currency Bitcoin (Bitcoin) was originally proposed by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009. It is an electronic cash system implemented through peer-to-peer technology. The core of Bitcoin is reflected in the underlying blockchain technology. The blockchain can establish decentralized trust from the technical level, which has a disruptive impact on the institutional basis of the existing financial system and the relationship between participants. With the gradual recognition of Bitcoin and the exploration and practice of global geeks, the digital currency industry is booming.submitted by BitRay2077 to u/BitRay2077 [link] [comments]
When blockchain technology opportunities and challenges coexist, ETX (EthereumX · NET) came into being. ETX (EthereumX · NET) is a blockchain smart contract consensus network graphics card mining public chain for certified entity identities; it adopts a brand-new blockchain architecture and is positioned as an easy-to-use high-performance blockchain platform. The performance of distributed applications is expanded to meet the real business needs of the real world.
ETX (EthereumX · NET) quickly establishes a decentralized authentication entity and application for different identities based on a complete user privacy protection and identity authentication mechanism, based on low-cost and efficient PoW + DPoS consensus algorithm, and customized smart contracts , An intelligent ecological network for resource sharing and self-development. Relying on graphics cards, digital assets as a means of circulation, and ultimately, a benign circular economy model that returns to the real world and promotes the development of the real economy through scene applications.
Among them, digital currency, as a big product of blockchain, was questioned by many people at the beginning of its birth, because in this part of people's eyes, digital currency itself has no value, and digital currency is not a real economy. In fact, the virtual real meaning of digital currency refers to the network. The remoteness of the network used to be an incredible thing in the past, so it makes people feel amazing in speed. The digital currency uses the network's efficiency and speed to transmit ETX (EthereumX · NET), Bitcoin and other currencies, so it is given the title of virtual currency.
The ETX public chain provides stable and efficient infrastructure, standardized and modular application plug-ins, full-process technology and model consulting, etc., enabling the team to develop applications and DApps based on the ETX ecological network, including: multi-currency decentralized wallets, decentralized Exchanges, decentralized peer-to-peer trading systems, etc. ETX (including pre-sales, consumer terminals, trading platforms, etc.) obtained by users from any channel can be freely traded in the ETX ecosystem, and seamlessly connect with other digital assets to achieve free payment and circulation.
The arrival of decentralization will make another change in the way people trade in the future. This will be a revolution and a huge opportunity. When the huge waves swept in, if we stayed in place or moved like a snail, we would be greeted with only broken bones. The market changes rapidly, and only by seizing the opportunity and acting swiftly can we have smooth winds and sunshine.
The blockchain triggers a new technological revolution, the ETX public chain is born, opportunities and challenges coexist, and everything is possible in the future. (There are risks in the market, investment needs to be cautious, please do as your capability permits.)
submitted by Telos4africa to u/Telos4africa [link] [comments]
Cryptocurrencies & blockchain, the technology upon which cryptocurrency runs has been touted as truly revolutionary. After the first cryptocurrency went live in 2009, it sparked a light in dim time.
Necessitating an escape from the financial world controlled by the fraudulent and manipulative government and corporations. Bitcoin was seen as the saviour to the dying fiat currencies which has continually robbed people of their wealth through inflationary pressures aggravated by reckless government funds mismanagement.
As a tool for radical and transformative change, Bitcoin has grown from insignificance into global relevance today. But what is its position as of today?
The Idea & IndustryThe cryptocurrency industry has grown considerably over the years. From a single cryptocurrency to thousands of crypto tokens or coins, each doing something of its own, although others bear similarities in their designs and functions.
The idea behind bitcoin and cryptocurrency generally was a rebellious idea. An idea that stems from the disgust of the maladministration of the fiat currency. This distrust resulted in the writing of the bitcoin white paper with its significant title “A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
An alternative financial system that doesn’t require the trust of a third party to enable the flow of economic events. Such a revolutionary idea. An idea which has turned into a global multibillion-dollar industry and growing still, at an impressive rate.
Alternative TenderCrypto enthusiasts have always wanted to use their crypto to purchase daily goods, pay bills and do just about what the naira, dollar, euro, pounds, etc do. As much as they want to acquire that “Lambo”, they also would love to use their bitcoin to purchase their coffee, ice cream, etc.
Over the years with several firms developing great solutions, users are now able to purchase items using crypto but then, there exists a fundamental problem. Are they paying in crypto or fiat? This is a contestable argument.
If I send my bitcoin directly to the seller in exchange for a plate of tasty Nigerian jollof rice, am I paying with bitcoin or naira? For most, it’s understandable they are paying with bitcoin. But then, I am paying in naira. Reason being that the jollof rice is priced in Naira NGN. The difference here is WITH and IN. A matter of semantics.
Crypto VolatilityFor most people who do not see cryptocurrency gaining global adoption as an effective means of economic exchange, their reason mostly stems from the volatile nature of this new asset class. The fear of receiving payment of 4500NGN for goods sold at 5000NGN in BTC has been a significant argument against why cryptocurrency will be used for economic exchange.
Although newer products have emerged that seek to remedy this issue by providing instant clearing for crypto transactions, crypto ‘faithfuls’ still hold on to the belief that volatility is a feature, not a bug.
StablecoinsStablecoins now provide a safe way of protecting oneself against volatility. Stablecoin facilitates crypto security as well as the non-volatile nature which fiat of sound economies carries. This presents stablecoins as a valid alternative to national fiat currencies. Currently, there are lots of activities ongoing for nations in a bid to develop their own Central Bank Digital Currency – CDBC.
In times of great national distress, the value of fiat currencies is normally shaken. This is normal and is why nations try as much as possible to prevent events that may destabilize their nations due to the correlative effects to their national currencies.
COVID-19The current pandemic sweeping across the nations of the world is a true definition of distress. For Nigeria as a country with the majority of its revenue tied to crude oil, it faces serious economic challenges which have resulted in a reduction in the value of the naira.
The Central Bank of Nigeria a few weeks back via a circular, announced that the present fundamentals do not support the devaluation of the naira, however, there have been reports of commercial banks charging users above N400 per dollar.
While the purpose of this article is not to examine the naira and the several elements affecting it, this premise was necessary since it’s a fiat currency.
This begs the question “can cryptocurrency truly be our savior when economies are crashing?”
Nigeria is not the only nation currently affected by the Coronavirus pandemic. In fact, Nigeria is one of the countries with fewer cases though, this isn’t the only reason for the current position of the naira. Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are notably volatile and in times of national or global crisis, people would argue they can’t hold value.
The next alternatives are usually Stablecoins, an innovation that is not even up to seven years since the very first stablecoin was introduced. But then this comes with a problem of its own. Since Stablecoins are pegged to their fiat currency counterparts, as the fiat currency of a nation goes down, the same goes for the stablecoin.
While it is understandable that not all nations will go to dust at the same time, people may move from one country’s fiat currency pegged stablecoin to another and this will just be an organized and consented pump.
The problem remains that cryptocurrency may not be the savior when the economies are crashing. The only way this can be is when the goods are priced in a standard unit of a coin, perhaps BTC.
Written By: Ben
Edited By: Mosun
Graphics By: Jacobite
- Generational member of ruling bloodline family states on September 10 , 2008 " I am prepared to give you some things coming down the timeline, that you will be able to look back upon, and verify my predictions retrospectively. The stock markets will soon complete there controlled demolition. After an initial "appearance" that the "bail outs" and "rescue packages' have steadied the ship, there will be new record lows by the end of the month. Our financial institutions will later call in all loans. There will be many bankruptcies and foreclosures. ------There will be a new currency by the end of 2008 / early 2009 ( he or she is talking about bitcoin)submitted by shayeyetuh to conspiracyNOPOL [link] [comments]
- Great recession of 20th century started in December 2007 and ended/ declared a global depression in June 2009.
- " The domain name "bitcoin.org" was registered on 18 August 2008. On 31 October 2008, a link to a paper authored by Satoshi Nakamoto titled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System was posted to a cryptography mailing list. Nakamoto implemented the bitcoin software as open-source code and released it in January 2009. Nakamoto's identity remains unknown
- The WHO declares global pandemic (H1N1) July 1st 2009
- Bitcoin block halving reward countdown 44 days from now (April 13 or 14) 2020
- Covid 19 seems to be the cover up for this for another looming recession thats been happening up until the boiling point
Im not that well versed on natural law so I am going to ask questions now in hopes of jumping over the impediment of my free will/ sovereignty so here it goes. What is going to happen 40 plus days from now that will effect the world? What is the plan behind the scheduling of bitcoin, virus plot, recession etc ? What are all of the laws that you follow as to not accumulate karmic debit?
SwapSpace team is always ready for discussion. You can drop an email about your suggestions and questions to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) Join our social networks: Twitter, Medium, Facebook The best rates on https://swapspace.co/ Why is SwapSpace https://blog.swapspace.co/2019/09/17/why-is-swapspace/
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!submitted by CoinExcom to Coinex [link] [comments]
If you are not in the cryptocurrency field, “BTC” may be a stranger to you, but not the Bitcoin. BTC is the abbreviation for Bitcoin. In addition, it has another name: XBT.
Speaking of BTC, we have to mention one name, Satoshi Nakamoto, father of BTC. His story started from 2008 when a financial crisis broke out across the world, which laid a foundation for the birth of BTC.
On November 1 that year, a person claiming to be Satoshi Nakamoto published the BTC White Paper titled “BTC: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” on a P2P foundation website, marking the birth of BTC. Two months later, on January 3, 2009, the BTC genesis block was created. BTC got rid of the constraints of third-party institutions by distributed ledgers, which Nakamoto called the “blockchain.” If users are prepared to dedicate their CPU hashrate to run a special software, they can become a “miner”. While mining new BTC, the miners also set up a network to maintain the blockchain together.
At the time, BTC was considered as a virtual commodity, not a currency, by some countries, banks and government agencies. It wasn’t until one day a man bought two pizzas for the 10,000 BTC he had mined that BTC had its value (What a losing business).
After that, there are ups and downs of the BTC market, but the identity of Nakamoto, has always remained a mystery. Some say he’s from the National Security Agency, and some say he’s a financial expert. But still, he is nowhere to find, and nobody knows anything about him.
The wonderful part of BTC lies in the fact that it is something anyone can mine! But if you think you can mine as many BTC as you want, think twice. To avoid inflation, the upper limit for the number of BTC was set at 21 million. Without relying on the central authority, BTC is issued by the blockchain. Assets and transactions are secured by the digital encryption algorithms and the entire network to resist 51% hashrate attacks. Transaction records are collected and maintained by all computers on the network, and the validity of each transaction must be confirmed by blockchain inspection.
People say, having been widely recognized and used, the BTC technology presents all mankind with an era of blockchain. As the king of cryptocurrency, what makes BTC so special?
BTC is the first distributed cryptocurrency. The entire network consists of users and there is no central bank. Decentralization guarantees the security and freedom of BTC.
BTC can be managed on any computer connected to the Internet. No matter where you are, you can mine, buy, sell or receive it. That is exactly what makes it a magnet for a lot of miners and users.
3. Exclusive ownership
Controlling your BTC requires your private key, which can be isolated and stored on any storage medium, and no one can get it except yourself. That experience makes you feel so special and secured.
4.Low transaction fees and no hidden costs
The BTC network will charge a certain fee for each transaction to ensure faster transaction execution. In addition, as an A-to-B payment method, BTC does not have tedious procedures or limits, and users only need to provide a BTC address to make payment. How convenient!
5. Cross-platform mining
Bitcoin is definitely a passion for geeks! Miners can discover the hashrate of different hardware on many platforms. BTC mining can be both profitable and fun.
Today the circulating market value of BTC has reached 1.32 trillion, and the reward is halved about every 4 years. In May 2020 we will usher in the third halving of Bitcoin, with a block height of 630,000, and the reward will be directly reduced from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC. By 2140, there will be no more new Bitcoin generated in the world, and the number of Bitcoin in circulation will not exceed 21 million.
If you want to enter the cryptocurrency field, you might as well start by buying BTC. It may present a new door to wealth in front of you, and the key to this door lies in CoinEx. Come on, learn more and trade! https://www.coinex.com/
Well before Bitcoin and other cryptographic forms of money became computerized monetary standards, a thought showed up on one of the discussions. Before a coin pulled in the consideration of thousands and perhaps a great many speculators, common admirers of new items and the individuals who need to benefit from the following complimentary gift – known as "Satoshi Nakamoto" proposed one intriguing thought that was effectively actualized sooner rather than later.submitted by Bitcoinsinvestment13 to u/Bitcoinsinvestment13 [link] [comments]
In October 2008, an article was distributed by Satoshi Nakamoto: "A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System" which implies: a decentralized or fair electronic money framework.
Satoshi turned into the dad of digital money or blockchain. There were various endeavors to make comparable structures, yet it was totally concentrated — like existing financial structures.
The principal form of Bitcoin code was discharged in January 2009. The principal hinder in the Bitcoin blockchain was made, which offered ascend to the first Bitcoin mining. This exchange was between Nakamoto himself and one of the engineers named Hal Finney.
At first, Bitcoin didn't have a conversion scale and proportionality in fiat money, yet in October 2009, one US dollar was equivalent to 1.309 Bitcoin. The conversion standard was equivalent to the expense of power to make the first Bitcoin through mining.
In 2010, the first Bitcoin trade was made. It was classified "dwdollar". Florida designer Laszlo Hanetz paid 10,000 bitcoins to somebody in England, who in return purchased Laszlo pizza which cost $25. It was the most costly pizza ever. At the hour of this composition, 10,000 bitcoins is equivalent to $130,000. For instance, in mid-December 2017, 10,000 bitcoins was equivalent to practically a large portion of a million dollars.
In August 2010, programmers found a powerless spot in the Bitcoin blockchain, which permitted them to produce 184 billion Bitcoins and the cost of Bitcoin dropped at that point.
The Bitcoin trade stage called "MtGox" was made that year and Bitcoin; finished 2010 with a market capitalization of simply over $ 1 million.
In 2011, a bootleg market was made under the name "Silk Road" in view of Bitcoin. The primary thought of this venture was unknown exchanges. Unexpectedly, the cost of Bitcoin transcended $ 1. Simultaneously, Bitcoin picked up popularity as an underground market cash or an approach to buy drugs on the web.
In 2012, a few organizations started to apply and acknowledge Bitcoin as a cash to pay for products and enterprises. Before the finish of 2013, the cost of one Bitcoin was somewhat more than $ 1,000.
In 2014, China, USA and UK started to make rules and limitations on the utilization and tax assessment from Bitcoin, which permitted the utilization of Bitcoin by money related organizations. Numerous organizations, including Microsoft, have started to acknowledge installments in Bitcoins.
In February of that year, the fundamental Bitcoin trade "MtGox", was along these lines hacked by DDOS assaults, losing a great many dollars and hurriedly shut. Notwithstanding this, the cost of Bitcoin, however dropped to $200, balanced out in the scope of $200 and 350.
During 2015, the cost of Bitcoin stayed stable and Bitcoin started to secure the characteristics of an authentic cash. Ross Ulbricht, the author of the Silk Road, was condemned to life detainment, motioning to the world that Bitcoin can't be utilized for criminal purposes without any potential repercussions.
Another hacking happened in 2016 on one of the cryptographic money wallet administrations, because of which around 72 million US dollars were lost.
At last, toward the finish of 2017, the cost of 1 coin went up to 20,000 US dollars, beginning in 2017 with a cost of $1,000. Directly after, because of the way that numerous nations have restricted the utilization of cryptographic forms of money, and the primary informal organizations like Facebook and others have prohibited the promoting of digital currencies for different reasons. Before the finish of 2018, the cost of Bitcoin went down to $3,000, which made mining practically unrewarding. The cost went up the following year. At the hour of this composition, the bitcoin cost is $5,300.
submitted by Tokenomy to tokenomyofficial [link] [comments]
Author: Christian Hsieh, CEO of Tokenomy
Many investors are facing the decision of whether to allocate some exposures to bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. The purpose of this article is to clarify those differences and highlight the reasons why bitcoin has become an emerging asset class that can no longer be ignored.
Bitcoin is invented as a peer-to-peer electronic cash system without the need of going through a third party financial institution1. Since 2009, the Bitcoin network started the longest running blockchain that ensures high security and prevents double-spending. Since then, there are many other cryptocurrencies came out to address different solutions, such as offering faster transaction speed or shorter block processing time. Examples like Litecoin, Ethereum, Ripple are just a few representations of an ocean of similar cryptocurrencies that emerged out to claim their domains in the cyberspace. Below we are listing the top 8 cryptocurrencies and their features for comparison purposes.
All cryptocurrencies – including Bitcoin, Ethereum, and others – share a few key characteristics:
Return Profiles of Bitcoin
In the past 10 years, bitcoin has risen from almost nothing to over $9,700 today4 (at the time of publication). Although the volatility is extreme, it is slowly gaining adoption and attracting investors from a long term perspective.
Who is buying bitcoin? In the Bitwise Investments January 2020 Investor Letter, it pointed out that Charles Schwab recently published a report on the largest equity holdings of clients in the retirement accounts, segmented by generations. It turns out that bitcoin, as expressed through the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) – is the fifth-largest holding in millennial retirement accounts.
Bitcoin Is The Fifth-Most-Popular Equity Holding Among Millennials At Charles Schwab6
Millennials are defined as individuals who are 22-38 years old. In the next decade, they will age into the 32-48 range, putting the majority into their prime income-earning years (roughly age 35-60). By 2030, there will be more prime income-earning-age millennials than baby boomers or Gen Xers.
In a recent Coindesk Research report, it shows that Millennials have emerged as adopters and drivers of cryptocurrencies7, with one poll showing today’s 18-to-34-year-olds preferring bitcoin over more traditional investments.8 This survey results show a surprising awareness of, and openness to a higher-risk investment such as bitcoin.
Percentage of 18- to 34-year-olds who say they prefer bitcoin to…
Portfolio Exposure with CryptoAs an emerging asset class itself, bitcoin is still making its case to become mainstream. Although the return profile has been very strong, the volatility and uncertainty is still worrisome for most traditional investors. What about just allocate a little exposure to this asset class? What does the return profile look like when you add some cryptocurrencies into your traditional portfolio?
In a research paper published by Bitwise Investments in May 2018, it found that by adding a small allocation to crypto assets in a traditional, diversified portfolio (60% equity / 40% bonds), the return profile can experience a significant change.
To evaluate the role of bitcoin in a portfolio, the study looked at the impact of making a 5% allocation to bitcoin and holding that position for the duration. The bitcoin allocation was drawn on a pro-rata basis from the equity and bond positions, meaning the portfolio (which we will call the “HODL Portfolio”) started with a 57% allocation to stocks and a 38% allocation to bonds.
The impact of this small bitcoin allocation was dramatic. Bitcoin’s strong performance during the study’s timeframe powered the portfolio higher, with total returns jumping from 26.53% to 67.70%. Of course, the volatility and maximum drawdown also increased at the same time, but as an illustration, a small percentage of bitcoin allocation can really impact the entire portfolio performance.
ConclusionBitcoin has emerged as a new asset class that can now be considered as an investment tool, although its use can also be justified as a digital store of value, a native internet of money, and a median of exchange. While other cryptocurrencies are still testing various use cases in the blockchain domain, it is overall beneficial to have some crypto exposures.
The return profile of bitcoin has proven to be strong in the past decade, and the millennials are accumulating the crypto assets in their long-term retirement accounts. In the next 10 years, this group will be the prime income-earning population.
Morgan Stanley recently posted a report suggesting that a weak environment for economic growth and inflation, paired with low bond yields, the returns from a traditional portfolio made up of 60% stocks and 40% bonds will deliver a 2.8% annual return over the next 10 years, the lowest level in nearly a century.10 Perhaps it is time to for investors to reconstruct the portfolio composition and add some bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to boost up the overall returns.
Thank you, Tokenomy Team
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From the earliest starting point, it was a riddle. In 2008, somebody utilizing the moniker Satoshi Nakamoto distributed a paper to a cryptography mailing list. It was called Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System.submitted by Bitcoin12investment to u/Bitcoin12investment [link] [comments]
Much to anyone's dismay that, at its tallness, it would build up a whole market (the crypto showcase) esteemed at $800B. That is more cash than Coca Cola, McDonald's, Ford, Caterpillar, Nike, Nintendo, and Goldman Sachs consolidated. What's more, presently, with that enormous fortune behind it, some think this single PDF can possibly overturn the whole worldwide financial industry.
On one side of this fight is a gathering of obscure cyrptographers competing to cut down business as usual. On the opposite side is the United States government, the European Union, JPMorgan Chase, and Deutsche Bank.
Money making governments over the globe, if truly tested, will persevere relentlessly to keep control of their financial frameworks. They'll likely locate an all around financed partner in the 50-trillion-dollar banking industry. The War on Money may be the most basic war of the cutting edge period in light of the fact that the victor will choose the destiny of creating economies, tax collection, expansion, fear based oppression, and — quite possibly — democracy itself.
You'd think with that much in question, the creator of this infamous paper would step into the spotlight. During Bitcoin's fleeting ascent, as the maker's close to home riches outperformed one billion dollars, you'd envision someone would reveal him. What's more, when his riches arrived at an expected $19.4B, you'd accept the IRS would come thumping.
In any case, no one has even had the option to find the baffling Nakamoto. What's more, that is part Bitcoin's allure. For the individuals who don't have the foggiest idea, Bitcoin resembles an advanced dollar. In 2009, it was worth short of what one-tenth of one penny, and in 2017, it was worth $20,000. Inside a couple of days, it tends to be worth half or twice to such an extent. Its worth vacillates quickly. That is one of its issues. Yet, the best part about Bitcoin is the one thing that doesn't change. On the off chance that you recognize what you're doing, it's difficult to find. It's generally unknown.
It's the unknown piece that is pulled in light of a legitimate concern for everyone from tax criminals to medicate dealers to fraudsters. By its very nature, Bitcoin is difficult to control. What's more, something that is difficult to control makes it simple to swindle a great deal of laws to make a huge amount of cash.
On the off chance that you would've purchased $10 worth of Bitcoin in 2009, you'd be perched on a cool $200M at the present time. That is the sort of news feature the normal individual focuses on. So news systems began announcing it. Your companions began getting it. What's more, it appeared anyone who put a couple of bucks into Bitcoin was getting the money for out with basins of gold. So the franticness started, in 2017, when Bitcoin went from a play-toy of technologists and an empowering influence of sorted out wrongdoing to a typical speculation held by pretty much everybody's grandmother.
I'm not here to disclose to you that Bitcoin is an air pocket, since I am not even close to able to demonstrate that. Specialists are as yet discussing if Bitcoin is a ware, a security, a store of significant worth, a cash, or some out and out new resource class completely. Due to this I won't start to evaluate the genuine estimation of Bitcoin. I'm not by any means sure it bodes well to. What's more, on the off chance that I by one way or another could, in the event that I had some mystery, insightful capacity to know where the cost of Bitcoin was going, I'd contribute, not composing this article.
What I am here to do is: inform you regarding the con artists. Since they're all over the place. It's explicitly self-evident. Furthermore, on the off chance that you are very brave, or you're considering getting a few (or some other Cryptocurrency), you better know exactly how awful the con artists are. Since when you're the least educated individual on the trade, you get counted on.
How profound does the Rabbit-Hole Gox?
On January 3, 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto set up the Genesis square. That is an extravagant method for saying he "mined" the first Bitcoin.
He didn't go out to some collapse Madagascar with a pickax and return with a sparkling, valuable metal. He ran a hashing calculation on his PC for some time and put away the outcomes in a record. We consider that record the "blockchain". It's open data. The explanation it's open is with the goal that it's circulated. The explanation it's dispersed is on the grounds that, dissimilar to with US Dollars, in the event that you jump on some administration authority's awful side, there's for all intents and purposes no danger of your benefits being solidified (or taken).
The blockchain is a really progressive innovation. Also, after the secretive Nakamoto discharges the Genesis square to the general population, crypto lovers pay heed. Some of them start "mining" Bitcoin. Some of them do it because of the decency of their souls. In any case, a great deal of them are presumably determined by the prize that gives "mining" its name. At the point when you run this hashing calculation on squares of exchanges and store the outcomes to the open record, you're remunerated with Bitcoin. At its pinnacle, this prize could add up to in excess of 250,000 US Dollars.
Bitcoins have been classed as the world's originally decentralized cash, and for as far back as ten years, they have become all the more notable and keep on developing in notoriety.submitted by Bitcoin12investment to u/Bitcoin12investment [link] [comments]
The following is a concise history of how the Bitcoin began and what has occurred since.
2007 - It was in 2007 that the idea of the Bitcoin started. It is accepted that it was begun by Satoshi Nakamoto, in spite of the fact that very little is thought about him, other than the reality he is on record as living in Japan. Truth be told, many conjecture this may very well be a pen name more than one individual. Albeit soon, this character totally evaporated from the world.
August 2008 An application for an encryption patent application was recorded by three people who denied having any association with the supposed originator of the Bitcoin idea. They were Neal Kin, Vladimir Oksman and Charles Bry.
Around the same time, they namelessly purchased and enlisted the space bitcoin.org.
October 2008 In October of 2008, only two months after the space was enlisted, a paper titled, 'Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System', was distributed on a cryptography mailing list, apparently composed by Satoshi Nakamoto.
The paper laid out the establishment of how the Bitcoin would really work, and takes care of the issue of cash being duplicated, which permitted Bitcoin to develop genuinely.
November 2008 A month after the white paper was distributed, the Bitcoin venture is enlisted on a network joint effort site, SourceForge, which centers around the improvement and circulation of open source programming.
January 2009 In mid 2009, the principal square, which was nicknamed 'Beginning' is propelled, which permitted the primary adaptation of Bitcoin to be discharged.
There was further hypothesis that Bitcoins were created by more than one individual, as it had been accumulated with Microsoft Visual Studio for Windows, yet needed order line interface. It was anticipated as of now that a Bitcoin age framework would make a sum of 21 million Bitcoins during that time 2040.
Later on, right now, first exchange occurred among Satoshi and Hal Finney, a designer and cryptographic lobbyist.
October 2009 In October, New Liberty Standard distributes a Bitcoin swapping scale. The worth was built up and they distributed a pace of a Bitcoin at 1USD = 1,309.03 BTC. This was chosen utilizing a condition that incorporated the expense of the power to run the PC that produced Bitcoins.
Later on this month, the #bitcoin-dev channel is enrolled on freenode IRC, which was a conversation arrange intended for nothing and open source advancement networks.
December 2009 In late 2009, the second form of the Bitcoin was created and discharged; anyway later on in the month, they acquired their first trouble increment.
February 2010 In mid 2010, the Bitcoin money trade was conceived, and the Market was built up by the now ancient organization dollar. Later on in the month, and 18 months after the application was documented, the encryption patent was distributed and endorsed.
May 2010 This month would end up being an achievement for Bitcoins, because of the way that the primary genuine exchange occurred. A software engineer named Laszlo Hanyecz, who lived in Florida pays 10,000 Bitcoins on a pizza, that was initially purchased from Papa Johns by a volunteer in England. The conversion scale at the time put the price tag for the pizza at 25USD.
Given the present swapping scale, today the pizza is esteemed at 1,961,034GBP.
July 2010 The third form of Bitcoin is created and discharged. Later on that month, there were an enormous number of new Bitcoin clients, on account of a notice of the new form on Slashdot.
During a multi day time of this current month, the trade estimation of Bitcoin expanded multiple times, from 0.0008USD/BTC to 0.080USD/BTC which the prompted Jed McCaleb building up a Bitcoin money trade showcase named MtGox.
August 2010 August 2010 end up being a sad month for the Bitcoin, and the framework was hacked. A defenselessness in the framework caused Bitcoins to be inappropriately checked, and accordingly abused, which brought about the age of 184 million Bitcoins. The made the worth drop radically.
September 2010 This was a bustling month for Bitcoins, as they attempted to recoup from the hacking the earlier month. An offer was made by jgarzik as 10,000BTC, which was proportionate to 650USD at that point, to open source their Windows-based CUDA customer. Later on that month, they took this offer and discharged the source, under the MIT permit.
October 2010 Bitcoins confronted a ton of investigation this month, when a between administrative gathering named The Financial Action Task Force gave a report on tax evasion, notice about the utilization of computerized monetary standards to fund fear based oppressor gatherings.
In spite of this report, the Bitcoin swapping scale, which had slowed down, started to climb once more. This came after the principal open adaptation of an OpenCL digger is discharged.
Bitcoin: un sistema de dinero en efectivo electrónico peer-to-peer1 Satoshi Nakamoto [email protected] www.bitcoin.org Traducido al español por @breathingdog Resumen.Una forma de dinero en efectivo electrónico puramentepeer-to-peer debería permitir enviar pagosonline directamente entre las partes y sin pasar a través de una institución financiera. Las firmas digitales son parte de la ... Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Satoshi Nakamoto [email protected] www.bitcoin.org Abstract. A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution. Digital signatures provide part of the solution, but the main benefits are lost if a trusted third party is still ... CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): www.bitcoin.org Abstract. A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution. Digital signatures provide part of the solution, but the main benefits are lost if a trusted third party is still required ... Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System October 31, 2008 by bitcoincash On the 31st of October 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto published an email to the Cryptography Mailing List, stating simply, “I’ve been working on a new electronic cash system that’s fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party”. Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Satoshi Nakamoto. Date October 31, 2008 Formats HTML PDF External link. Back to Literature. About; Contact; Donate BTC; Atom feed; GitHub; Satoshi Nakamoto Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Some works may be subject to other licenses. ...
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Bitcoin - A purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash to be sent directly from one party to another. To know more about the Blockchain, Bitcoin network and how it works, Download Blocklogy App. In einem Artikel auf www.bitcoin.org beschrieb Saikoshi Nakamoto (Pseudonym) die Funktionsweise seiner Erfindung. Hier ist ein Link zum PDF-Dokument Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency to have spread all over the world except for the places that don’t have the internet coverage. It was created in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto who published a... Just 2 months later Nakamoto published a white paper called Bitcoin – A Peer to Peer Electronic Cash System, explaining the whole idea behind the bitcoin. - In October 2009 bitcoin exchange rate ... Bitcoin Cash is the real Bitcoin, as envisioned by Satoshi Nakamoto. This peer-to-peer electronic cash system enables fast, free & reliable transactions for both merchants and users.